Advection describes the transport of a medium (e.g. sea ice) and its properties (e.g. sea-ice thickness).
Directional dependence of a substance’s property
polar region located at the northernmost part of Earth
Horizontal direction in a three-dimensional coordinate system
Computer tomography (CT)
Computer tomography (CT) can be used to create three-dimensional representations of an object’s internal and external structure, allowing details to be recognised on a micrometre scale.
Fictitious force in rotating systems that deflects a particle’s motion perpendicular to its initial direction of motion. Does not affect motion in the direction of the rotational axis.
Transformation of one form of energy into another.
A substance in phase equilibrium
Transitional zone between water layers with different salinities
Discrepancies between two conditions, where both are considered valid but contradict one another.
In a Lagrangian model, the simulated parameters follow the large-scale motion.
“Altimeter missions” are used to measure the elevation of the Earth’s surface, and therefore also the elevation of the sea-ice surface.
Reanalyses are created by combining extensive Earth observations with an atmospheric or ocean model through what is known as data assimilation.
Rheology refers to the flow behaviour and deformation of matter.
Transitional water layer characterised by rapid temperature changes.