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The English version of our glossary is currently under construction and will be regularly updated.


Biota can be understood as the collective term for all lifeforms in a given ecosystem, including bacteria, plants, fungi and animals.

Biota are the living building blocks of ecosystems. Biota are lifeforms with a primarily prokaryotic cellular organisation (lacking a nucleus) or more complex eukaryotic cellular organisation (with a nucleus). They are classified on the basis of their relatedness and evolutionary history and using hierarchically structured categories, e.g. the five overarching kingdoms Animalia, Fungi, Monera, Plantae and Protista.