Sea ice modelling
Next to monitoring, modelling of sea ice plays an important role for the description of the fundamental interactions of sea ice within the earth's climate system. In addition to observations, models are important tools of climate scientists in order to estimate possible future changes of sea ice.
Sea ice models have a considerably narrower focus than climate models. The latter simulate the extent and mass of sea ice, but tend to underestimate the retreat of the Arctic sea ice. Sea ice models are therefore of special relevance in order to improve our understanding of the development of sea ice in a changing climate. Sea ice models can also be used to make seasonal statements, e.g. about the development of sea ice during the summer.
All further information on this topic is only available in German.